For 2.6 billion people in the world it is normal cooking over an open fire in the house. This habit, widespread especially in African and Asian populations, means that people breathe a large amount of smoke that causes, according to the World Health Organization, about 4 million deaths per year.
"There are very serious issues" - says Heather Adair - Rohani from the World Health Organization - "because of this way of cooking and heating food, the main cause of death of children under age 5 are diseases lung."
The worst damage is suffered by women: not only their life is put in danger, but it's denied them the opportunity to have a better future: but there are solutions! An important part of the campaign promoted by the United Nations to sustainable energy, is the diffusion of solutions to cook cleanly, such as replacing the open fireplace with a small efficient heater.
This is the goal of the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves: promoting the adoption of cleaner fuels and stoves in 100 million households by 2020.
"Access to energy is also a gender issue" - said S. Joy Clancy , University of Twente and Energy NGO - "Women and men have different needs energy; men make the final decisions and we have to convince them that buying new stoves is a priority for the health of the whole family. "
"Our NGO" - says Lucy Stevens from Practical Action - " this year celebrates its 50th anniversary and for much of that time was responsible for the problem of clean cooking. But our commitment does not stop: we must not forget that there is still much to be done, everyone must do his part both the private sector is the civil society".
The World Stove is a social enterprise that produces and promotes local production of efficient stoves. Nathaniel Mulcahy states: "The right way is to promote simple solutions such as those of the Global Alliance, this is the correct way to improve the conditions of the communities we work with. Our experience has taught us that we need a different approach to " help us " to " let's work together to help everyone."